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考试介绍 课程介绍

关于美国的历史

The continent's first inhabitants walked into North America across what is now the Bering Strait from Asia. For the next 20,000 years these pioneering settlers were essentially left alone to develop distinct and dynamic cultures. In the modern US, their descendants include the Pueblo people in what is now New Mexico; Apache in Texas; Navajo in Arizona, Colorado and Utah; Hopi in Arizona; Crow in Montana; Cherokee in North Carolina; and Mohawk and Iroquois in New York State.

The Norwegian explorer Leif Eriksson was the first European to reach North America, some 500 years before a disoriented Columbus accidentally discovered 'Indians' in Hispaniola (now the Dominican Republic and Haiti) in 1492. By the mid-1550s, much of the Americas had been poked and prodded by a parade of explorers from Spain, Portugal, England and France.

The first colonies attracted immigrants looking to get rich quickly and return home, but they were soon followed by migrants whose primary goal was to colonize. The Spanish founded the first permanent European settlement in St Augustine, Florida, in 1565; the French moved in on Maine in 1602, and Jamestown, Virginia, became the first British settlement in 1607. The first Africans arrived as 'indentured laborers' with the Brits a year prior to English Puritan pilgrims' escape of religious persecution. The pilgrims founded a colony at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts, in 1620 and signed the famous Mayflower Compact - a declaration of self-government that would later be echoed in the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution. British attempts to assert authority in its 13 North American colonies led to the French and Indian War (1757-63). The British were victorious but were left with a nasty war debt, which they tried to recoup by imposing new taxes. The rallying cry 'no taxation without representation' united the colonies, who ceremoniously dumped caffeinated cargo overboard during the Boston Tea Party. Besieged British general Cornwallis surrendered to American commander George Washington five years later at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781. In the 19th century, America's mantra was 'Manifest Destiny.' A combination of land purchases, diplomacy and outright wars of conquest had by 1850 given the US roughly its present shape. In 1803, Napoleon dumped the entire Great Plains for a pittance, and Spain chipped in with Florida in 1819. The Battle of the Alamo during the 1835 Texan Revolution paved the way for Texan independence from Mexico, and the war with Mexico (1846-48) secured most of the southwest, including California.

The systematic annihilation of the buffalo hunted by the Plains Indians, encroachment on their lands, and treaties not worth the paper they were written on led to Native Americans being herded into reservations, deprived of both their livelihoods and their spiritual connection to their land. Nineteenth-century immigration drastically altered the cultural landscape as settlers of predominantly British stock were joined by Central Europeans and Chinese, many attracted by the 1849 gold rush in California. The South remained firmly committed to an agrarian life heavily reliant on African American slave labor. Tensions were on the rise when abolitionist Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860. The South seceded from the Union, and the Civil War, by far the bloodiest war in America's history, began the following year. The North prevailed in 1865, freed the slaves and introduced universal adult male suffrage. Lincoln's vision for reconstruction, however, died with his assassination. America's trouncing of the Spaniards in 1898 marked the USA's ascendancy as a superpower and woke the country out of its isolationist slumber.

The US still did its best not to get its feet dirty in WWI's trenches, but finally capitulated in 1917, sending over a million troops to help sort out the pesky Germans. Postwar celebrations were cut short by Prohibition in 1920, which banned alcohol in the country. The 1929 stock-market crash signaled the start of the Great Depression and eventually brought about Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, which sought to lift the country back to prosperity. After the Japanese dropped in uninvited on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the US played a major role in defeating the Axis powers. Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 not only ended the war with Japan, but ushered in the nuclear age. The end of WWII segued into the Cold War - a period of great domestic prosperity and a surface uniformity belied by paranoia and betrayal. Politicians like Senator Joe McCarthy took advantage of the climate to fan anticommunist flames, while the USSR and USA stockpiled nuclear weapons and fought wars by proxy in Korea, Africa and Southeast Asia. Tensions between the two countries reached their peak in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

The 1960s was a decade of profound social change, thanks largely to the Civil Rights movement, Vietnam War protests and the discovery of sex, drugs and rock & roll. The Civil Rights movement gained momentum in 1955 with a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. As a nonviolent mass protest movement, it aimed at breaking down segregation and regaining the vote for disfranchised Southern blacks. The movement peaked in 1963 with Martin Luther King Jr's 'I have a dream speech' in Washington, DC, and the passage of the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act. Meanwhile, America's youth were rejecting the conformity of the previous decade, growing their hair long and smoking lots of dope. 'Tune in, turn on, drop out' was the mantra of a generation who protested heavily (and not disinterestedly) against the war in Vietnam. Assassinations of prominent political leaders - John and Robert Kennedy, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr - took a little gloss off the party, and the American troops mired in Vietnam took off the rest. NASA's moon landing in 1969 did little to restore national pride. In 1974 Richard Nixon became the first US president to resign from office, due to his involvement in the cover-up of the Watergate burglaries, bringing American patriotism to a new low.

The 1970s and '80s were a period of technological advancement and declining industrialism. Self image took a battering at the hands of Iranian Ayatollah Khomeni. A conservative backlash, symbolized by the election and popular two-term presidency of actor Ronald Reagan, sought to put some backbone in the country. The US then concentrated on bullying its poor neighbors in Central America and the Caribbean, meddling in the affairs of El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama and Grenada. The collapse of the Soviet Bloc's 'Evil Empire' in 1991 left the US as the world's sole superpower, and the Gulf War in 1992 gave George Bush the opportunity to lead a coalition supposedly representing a 'new world order' into battle against Iraq. Domestic matters, such as health reform, gun ownership, drugs, racial tension, gay rights, balancing the budget, the tenacious Whitewater scandal and the Monica Lewinsky 'Fornigate' affair tended to overshadow international concerns during the Clinton administration. In a bid to kickstart its then-ailing economy, the USA signed NAFTA, a free-trade agreement with Canada and Mexico, in 1993, invaded Haiti in its role of upholder of democracy in 1994, committed thousands of troops to peacekeeping operations in Bosnia in 1995, hosted the Olympics in 1996 and enjoyed, over the past few years, the fruits of a bull market on Wall St. The 2000 presidential election made history by being the most highly contested race in the nation's history.

The Democratic candidate, Al Gore, secured the majority of the popular vote but lost the election when all of Florida's electoral college votes went to George W Bush, who was ahead of Gore in that state by only 500 votes. Demands for recounts, a ruling by the Florida Supreme Court in favor of partial recounts, and a handful of lawsuits generated by both parties were brought to a halt when the US Supreme Court split along party lines and ruled that all recounts should cease. After five tumultuous weeks, Bush was declared the winner. The early part of Bush's presidency saw the US face international tension, with renewed violence in the Middle East, a spy-plane standoff with China and nearly global disapproval of US foreign policy with regard to the environment. On the domestic front, a considerably weakened economy provided challenges for national policymakers. Whether the US can continue to hold onto its dominant position on the world stage and rejuvenate its economy remains to be seen.

什么是托福

托福

托福考试,托福是由美国教育测验服务社(ETS)举办的英语能力考试,全名为“检定非英语为母语者的英语能力考试”,中文由TOEFL而音译为“托福”。TOEFL有三种,分别是: pbt—paper based test 纸考 677, cbt—computer based test 机考 300, ibt—internet based test 网考 120, 新托福满分是120分。TOEFL考试的有效期为两年,是从考试日期开始计算的。例如:2003年1月18日参加考试,这次考试成绩的有效期是从2003年1月18日到2005年1月18日。托福复习主要资料为托福机经又称民间托福答案题库。英国内政部于2014年4月初结束与美国教育考试机构ETS的合作,不再承认其旗下托福(TOEFL)和托业(TOEIC)两大英语考试的成绩。部分准备赴英留学的中国学生反映已接到校方要求重新提供英语考试成绩的通知。

为什么要考托福

  • 出国留学

     留学是考生参加托福考试的主要因素。准备出国的学生获得托福成绩后,国外大学将根据其托福成绩减少或免除其外语学习。高中文凭的申请人托福达到5.5分,则免去6个月至1年的出国语言学习,直接进入国内。国外大学的预科节省了很多钱。大学和本科托福成绩达到6分,将减少外国学校审查入学资格的时间,提高个人竞争力,大大增加被优秀大学录取的可能性。

  • 检测英语水平

    其实现在许多在职人士和学生也会选择报考托福,目的只是为了检测自己的英语水平。很多国内的英语考试偏重于笔试,对于听力和口语方面的考察较少。托福考试的考试形式更加全面,听说读写面面俱到,所以考出来的成绩也更能体现出自己真实的英语水平。

  • 职业发展

    相比较而言,在找工作时,托福考试成绩比大学英语四六级成绩的含金量更高。托福成绩更能说明你真实的英语能力。学好了英语,你的就业面也会拓宽许多,不仅可以选择自己专业相关的职业,也能选择与英语相关的行业,而且,今天的许多行业中,如果你能同时具体专业知识和过硬的英语能力,肯定会有非常不错的发展前景。

托福怎么考

新托福考试采用真实场景,如模拟大学校园中的动态和交互式环境,试题综合考查听、说、读、写4项英语语言能力,考生可充分展示使用英语进行交流的能力。

新托福考试通过互联网进行,考试采取机考形式。新托福考试的考试时间和各部分试题数目都是固定的。但该考试不采用计算机出题的方式,即题目难度与上一题回答是否准确无关。

托福需要什么条件

报考条件

托福考试不设年龄限制,也就是说只要是学过英语,打算考托福,不管你是出国留学、移民还是纯粹为了兴趣学托福,托福考试官方都允许。托福官方对于托福考试报名人群的条件定的还是很包容的,有听力或视力障碍的托福考生,也可以参加特殊类的托福考试。

在中国大陆地区,考生需要通过教育部考试中心(NEEA)托福报名网站报考托福考试。考生同时可报考多场考试,但任意两场考试日期必须间隔12天以上。每场托福考试的报名、转考和退考截止日期详见报名网站。考生本人对于选择注册何种托福考试(包括托福考试-纸笔、托福考试-机考、用于英国签证及移民的托福考试-纸笔、用于英国签证及移民的托福考试(学术类)-机考、托福生活技能类考试 A1级别、托福生活技能类考试B1级别)负有全部责任。教育部考试中心及英国文化教育协会对考生错误选择考试不承担任何责任。

我的条件符合吗

托福考试流程

  • 报名

    注册分为两步,一是在教育部考试中心托福考试报名网站上的报名注册,注册成功后,支付报名费,就进入到了考试注册这一步。这一步主要是考位的候选。选到合适的考位后,就可以报名注册。注册成功都有提示,只需要按照提示操作就可以了。

    点此报名咨询
  • 考试

    新托福通过互联网与ETS总部组成局域网,为每个人发出不同的考题。考题一次有效,不会再有题库。此外,网考通过电子方式记录答案后,将答案传输到人工评分网络,并予以客观、可靠的评分,确保考试的公平合理性。

    点此报名咨询
  • 成绩

    TOEFL考试成绩包括三个项目成绩和一个总成绩。三个部分成绩是考生答对题数所得“原始分”,经过统计手段而得到的“比例分”,而总成绩则是三部分比例分之和乘10除以3得到的。

    点此报名咨询

托福各科过关率

科目 满分 全国过关率 网校过关率
阅读 30分 20.7% 76.3%
听力 30分 22.4% 72.6%
口语 30分 21.8% 69.2%
写作 30分 23.4% 79.8%
点此查看数据详情

托福各专业特点

  • 听力

    《听力》1、听力材料只播放一遍,2、专设10分钟的填写答案,3、托福听力的题型不同,4、无托福or四六级的短对话,5、口音并不是唯一的。

  • 阅读

    《阅读》阅读托福考试的话,首先单词和语法的基本要求,其次,科普阅读,或教科书材料,基本词汇。

  • 写作

    《写作》 1. 口语化词汇,2. 在书写中不能出现连写的情况,3.在托福写作学习中的拼写方面,最好能做到英美拼写统一,4. 托福小作文是说明文,切忌出现任何个人观点的表达,而大作文是议论文,也需避免出现情感的表达,5.在大作文,议论文中,考生们要遵守一个规则,即non-political非政治性。

  • 口语

    《口语》1、对于自己要讲的内容有足够的时间把控能力,2、综合运用能力。

托福网校推荐

Recommend online school

新东方在线

网校首页>
新东方在线是新东方教育科技集团(NYSE:EDU)旗下专业的在线教育网站,是国内首批专业在线教育网站之一,依托新东方强大师资力量与教学资源,拥有中国先进的教学内容开发与制作团队,致力于为广大用户提供个性化、互动化、智能化的卓越在线学习体验。课程涵盖出国考试、国内考试、职业教育、英语学习、多种语言、K12教育等6大类,共计近3000门课程。目前,新东方在线网站个人注册用户已逾2000余万,移动学习用户超过5000余万。2018年7月17日晚,港交所首次披露了新东方在线的招股书,拟赴港上市。2019年3月28日,新东方在线将在港上市,股票代号为1797。 2019年,获评艾媒金榜(iiMedia Ranking)发布的《2019中国教育培训行业上市公司网络口碑榜》TOP10。

托福直播课堂

Live classroom

  • 邓玥

    阅读

    老师介绍:托福规划师;主讲托福阅读。

    1251人已预约

    立即预约
  • 刘聪

    阅读

    老师介绍:新东方在线托福阅读教师。

    969人已预约

    立即预约
  • 李镇江

    听力

    老师风格:新东方在线托福听力教师。

    788人已预约

    立即预约
  • 胡米铎

    听力

    老师介绍:托福规划师。新东方在线资深留学申请及备考专家 。

    638人已预约

    立即预约
  • 刘靖云

    口语

    老师介绍:新东方在线托福口语教师。

    731人已预约

    立即预约
  • 郭洁

    写作

    老师介绍:新东方在线托福、SAT写作教师,毕业于南京财经大学。

    847人已预约

    立即预约

如何选择好的托福培训机构

Training institutions

01.资历

一般而言,办学越久的培训机构实力越强,大浪淘沙,剩下的都是真金, 差的机构早已被市场所淘汰,所以选择一些有历史的机构是个好选择。

02.师资

毫无疑问,相信没有任何人会怀疑老师在培训中的分量,一个好的老师可以帮助 考生迅速通过考试,可以毫不夸张的说,选培训就是选老师。

03.服务

服务也是相当重要的一环,好的机构会有各种辅助服务,比如有老师督导学习, 有及时有效的答疑,这都是考验一个机构实力的方向。

04.过关率

过关率这个指标当然是非常重要的,但是各个机构报出来的通过率当然是有水分的, 我们可以通过靠友群里,考试论坛里一些考生的评价来总结。

更多机构推荐>

如何选择好的托福培训讲师

Training institutions

01.资历

老师的资历当然很重要,有些老师讲了十几年的课,对考试的考点,考试的 走向早已烂熟于心,出什么题心理都大概有数,这就是经验。

02.性格

老师的性格可以说决定了课堂的气氛,毕竟听课是个很枯燥的事情,所以 一个风趣幽默的老师可以让我们轻松自在,可以更高效的听课并掌握。

03.口音

我们考虑了资质,我们认为资质很重要,所以资质好的讲师年级一班比较大 这就有了口音,有很多的名师能力非常好,就是口音听起来很累很累。

04.口碑

相信大多数人的选择就对了,口碑好才是真的好,当然网上有很多水军,广告 等等,我们同样可以去靠友群或者论坛里得到一些老师的具体情况。

更多老师推荐>

托福名师推荐

Teacher recommended

托福课程推荐

Course recommended

  • 冲分直通车

    班级特色

    录播精讲

    直播强化

    一对一提分

    点击选课
  • 旗舰直达班

    班级特色

    班级群

    奖学金

    免费重读

    7天退换

    点击选课
  • 精品直达班

    班级特色

    知心平台

    配套练习

    官方IPO

    口语精批

    点击选课
  • 集训直播班

    班级特色

    奖学金计划

    ETS独家授权TPO

    班主任1对1导学

    班级群交流

    点击选课

托福备考规划

Test planning

  • 预习阶段

    看托福官方指南前面的内容讲解,每天背一页或者300个单词。

    点击查看
  • 系统学习

    单词,阅读和听力每一天都要重复。

    点击查看
  • 深化阶段

    要点应放在口语和写作上面,大声阅读口语段落找对语感。

    点击查看
  • 强化阶段

    写作。2-3天写一篇,进行修改,并保留。 可以请院校老师进行修改

    点击查看
  • 冲刺阶段

    大量的阅读,难度递增渐进。每两天做篇阅读的练习题。

    点击查看
  • 临考阶段

    总结与刷题

    点击查看

托福系统与保障

Systems and services

  • 个性学练系统
  • 温度服务
  • 精准

    精准把握ETS官方托福考试趋势

  • 智能

    智能记录分析你的学习数据,并推送学习内容

  • 自适应

    自适应学习 高效个性化提分

查看更多系统
  • 7天无条件退换课

  • 协议免费领新课

  • 千元奖学金计划

查看更多服务

新东方在线荣誉

The school honor

查看更多荣誉

新东方在线常见问题

Common problems

  • 支付方式

    支持微信,支付宝,京东支付,京东白条分期,网银,邮局汇款;

  • 课程有效期

    课程有效期在课程详情页有标注,有效期一般截止到课程过期当天24点前。

  • 发票开具

    在购课成功后90天内向我方申请开具发票。逾期将无法开具。

  • 如何休学

    登录我的课堂,点击需休学课程的休学,根据提示选择休学起止日期;

其他问题请咨询

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